مقاله


کد مقاله : 1395122494645372

عنوان مقاله : A Philosophical Approach to the Effects of Ethics and Law on Observing Public Order

نشریه شماره : 81 Autumn 2015

مشاهده شده : 491

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Abdolrazzaq Hesamifar ahesamifar@yahoo.com Assistant Professor PhD

چکیده مقاله

Observing public order is necessary for the realization of an organized and desirable society. However, how could we achieve this goal? Is it the responsibility of the mass media and cultural centers to encourage people to observe public order through moral instruction, or should they be forced to do so by enforcing some preventive laws? Or, should we benefit from both of these strategies? Another question here is whether observing public order in a society is valuable in itself and the individual’s motive for so doing, either because of a sense of obligation or fear of punishment, is worthwhile, or whether the value of observing public order is rooted in a sense of obligation and moral dutifulness. Still, a related question here is, if a person observes public order out of fear of punishment, can we consider his act satisfactory? In this paper, after analyzing the mentioned questions, with reference to the ideas of some prominent philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, and Kant, the writer has tried to demonstrate that the value of complying with public order from the view point of individual ethics lies in the sense of moral obligations. He also argues that, from the view point of social ethics, this act, prompted by whatever motive, is considered to be a virtue, of course at varying levels of strength and weakness, because it is beneficial to all individuals in society.