مقاله


کد مقاله : 139512241117355387

عنوان مقاله : Voluntary Death in the Treatise al-Usul al-‘Asharah by Shaykh Najm al-Din Kubra

نشریه شماره : 80 Summer 2015

مشاهده شده : 720

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Alireza Javanmardi Adib javanmardadib@yahoo.com Graduate PhD

چکیده مقاله

According to Shaykh Najm al-Din Kubra, “true life” is the same “spiritual life”; a life which entails leaving the outward and moving towards the inward, annihilating in Truth, surviving in the survival of the Truth, and retrieving the Truth from anything that has a sign of being and life. He is a wayfarer of the path of Sufism who, relying on his findings in this spiritual life wrote the treatise al-Usul al-‘asharah in order to guide other wayfarers. In this treatise, through drawing on revealed teachings and employing the traditions of the prophets and the friends of the Truth, he provides some instructions for those wayfarers who intend to reach this stage of life. He calls his voluntary path the “path of Shuttar”. This path is based on voluntary death and relies on 10 major principles: repentance, piety, trust, contentment, retreat, remembrance, attention, patience, vigilance, and satisfaction. The voluntary death of the wayfarer commences with repentance. This principle is not only the “beginning of a second birth” but also the “necessary condition for continuing spiritual life”. Here, after performing the duties required by each station, the wayfarer will leave all abodes and stations behind through repentance until reaching the station of true Oneness. Such a wayfarer, who has managed to have a “second birth” through Almighty Truth’s providence, his mentor’s spiritual guidance, and his own endeavors, is reborn ornamented with divine morality after traversing various spiritual stages. Then, in the climax of this life, he attains the “station of union with and annihilation in the Truth”, which is the most supreme meaning of Oneness. The fact that “voluntary death” stands at the basis of this treatise, in addition to from Shaykh’s initial acknowledgement, is clearly inferred from his insistence on the use of the word “exit” when explaining the 10 principles as well as from a comparison of this type of exit with “natural death”. Therefore, regarding the union of voluntary death as the basis of the path of Shuttar with the above-mentioned 10 principles, we can say that, based on the teachings of the treatise al-Usul al-‘asharah, Shaykh Najm al-Din has spoken of not only one voluntary death and birth but also of several other voluntary deaths and births each corresponding with one abode and station.