مقاله


کد مقاله : 13951223130195340

عنوان مقاله : Methods of Reviving Morality in Society in Mulla Sadra

کلمات کلیدی : Morality ، Mulla Sadra ، Jurists ، Philosophers ، gnostics

نشریه شماره : 84 Summer 2016

مشاهده شده : 620

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Ali Arshad Riahi Arshad@ltr.ui.ac.ir Professor PhD
2 Seyyed Mehran Tabatabaei mehran.tabatabaei@gmail.com Graduate PhD

چکیده مقاله

A study of the methods of reviving morality in societies which are dominated by moral vices or are distancing themselves from the divine moral virtues could play a significant role in their survival. Given the inappropriate social and political conditions of his time during the Safavid era, Mulla Sadra criticized the social atmosphere of that time and explained the various factors that might lead to the realization of utopia. In this paper, the writers have tried to introduce some strategies that can be used to lead the society towards utopia. Some of them have been directly mentioned by Mulla Sadra, and some have been inferred from the fundamental principles of the Transcendent Philosophy, as follows: 1. Correcting religious beliefs and observing religious laws; 2. Paying simultaneous attention to jurisprudence, wisdom, and gnosis as the bases of religion; 3. Subordinating politics to religion; 4. Spreading the culture of devotion, altruism, and love of human beings; 5. Disseminating exact and subtle sciences in society; 6. Having jurists, philosophers, and gnostics pay attention to their political and social duties; 7. Avoiding superficiality, petrification, and shallowness on the part of the public, philosophers, and gnostics, and 8. Demolishing the idols worshipped by ignorant people (these idols include pseudo-gnostics, pseudo- philosophers, pseudo-jurists, and deceptive politicians).