مقاله


کد مقاله : 139512231215385338

عنوان مقاله : Hakim Sahba’s Innovative Interpretation of Ibn Arabi’s View of the Seal of Sainthood

نشریه شماره : 84 Summer 2016

مشاهده شده : 694

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 Hossein Kalbasi Ashtari hkashtari@yahoo.com Professor PhD

چکیده مقاله

There are some disagreements among the commentators of Ibn Arabi’s works regarding his idea of the seal of saints, and various interpretations have been put forward in this respect. The reason for this variety is that he has introduced different people as the seal of sainthood. Among his commentators, only Aqa Mohammad Reza Ghomshei (known as Hakim Sahba, 1234-1306 AH), the theologian philosopher, has succeeded in presenting a reading of Ibn Arabi’s idea of the problem of the seal of sainthood based on an innovative interpretive plan while using a new way of expressing the problem. This interpretation clearly reveals who and what the seal of sainthood is. Hakim Sahba believes that Ibn Arabi considered various applications for the seal of sainthood, and wherever he introduced a specific person as the seal of sainthood, he had a particular application in mind. In Hakim Sahba’s view, Ibn Arabi considered two applications for the seal of sainthood and divided each into two types which are against each other. In the first application, he divided sainthood into absolute and limited ones, and in the second application into general and particular ones. Then he introduced a seal of sainthood for each of these types. By limited, he meant being limited to a name and a limit and, by absolute, he meant being free from any kind of limitation so that the saint would be inclusive of all names, attributes, and essential epiphanies. General sainthood is for all believers; however, particular sainthood is exclusively for Prophet Muhammed (s) and his heirs.